Insights from the Biogenic Amines Urine LC-MS/MS Analysis Kit

Understanding Neurotransmitter Dynamics


In the realm of neurobiology, understanding the intricate dynamics of neurotransmitters is crucial for unraveling the complexities of neurological disorders. The Zivak 28 Biogenic Amines Urine LC-MS/MS analysis kit offers a sophisticated tool to delve into the synthesis, release, and degradation of key neurotransmitters, providing valuable insights into neurophysiology and pathology.

Analyzing Neurotransmitter Dynamics: 

This innovative kit can be utilized both manually and in conjunction with the Zivak-Multitasker, ensuring flexibility and efficiency in analysis. With a rapid analysis run time of just 20 minutes, including sample preparation, injection, and analysis, researchers can obtain quantitative results swiftly and accurately.


Biogenic Amines: Key Players in Neurotransmission: 

Five established biogenic amine neurotransmitters govern a multitude of neurological functions: dopamine, norepinephrine (noradrenaline), epinephrine (adrenaline), histamine, and serotonin. Derived from a common precursor, tyrosine, the catecholamines undergo a series of enzymatic reactions catalyzed by tyrosine hydroxylase, a pivotal enzyme in catecholamine synthesis.

Biogenic Amines

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Clinical Implications: 

Elevated levels of catecholamine metabolites, such as vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), are indicative of catecholamine-secreting tumors, including neuroblastoma and pheochromocytoma. The latter, characterized by episodic hypertension and other symptoms, underscores the clinical significance of neurotransmitter analysis in diagnosing and monitoring neurological disorders.

Advancements in Diagnostics: 

Metanephrine and normetanephrine, stable metabolites of epinephrine and norepinephrine, serve as sensitive biomarkers for pheochromocytoma detection. Their stable secretion alongside catecholamines by neural crest tumors highlights the diagnostic utility of neurotransmitter analysis in identifying and managing neuroendocrine tumors.


The Zivak 28 Biogenic Amines Urine LC-MS/MS Analysis Kit represents a paradigm shift in neurotransmitter research, offering a comprehensive platform to explore neurotransmitter dynamics and their implications for neurological health. By unraveling the complexities of neurotransmitter metabolism, this kit holds promise for advancing diagnostics and therapeutics in neurological disorders, paving the way for precision medicine approaches tailored to individual patient needs.(a) Schematic illustration of the colorimetric aptasensor for OTA detection based on HRP-encapsulated liposome; (b) developed aptasensor for AFB1 detection using G-quadruplex as the signal reporter. Domain a is complementary to domain a*. Domain b is the caged G-rich sequence. Exo III performs the cyclic cleavage reactions in Cycles I and II; (c) aptasensor for OTA detection, based on rolling circle amplification and an auto-catalytic DNAzyme structure.

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